Wood tables and furniture pieces with a pure surface shine can be a beautiful compliment to a room. Likewise, a table with a stained and tarnished face can diminish the room's perceived cleanliness and quality. Accomplishing the perfect luster, however, can be achieved with multiple different methods and elements, but the core process stays the same. While softwood furniture pieces are relatively easy to achieve a great sheen, some hardwoods like oak and walnut require a filler because of the tiny holes left in the grain (also known as vessels). Moreover, these tiny pores must be filled to create a flat, smooth surface in order to achieve any kind of sheen.
For open-pored wood surfaces, it starts with sealing the open pores with a varnish diluted with mineral spirits in a 1 to 1 mixture ratio. One can skip this step, though the following step will change the original pigmentation of the wood if skipped. Regardless, the next step is to stain the wood surface to its desired color. Oil-based or water-based stains are typically used at this point. The stain color is completely up to the owner, though it is important to keep in mind that matching the undertones of the wood with the rest of the furniture with the room in which it will reside can be a significant decision variable. Once a stain color is chosen, test it on a small part of the furniture to get an idea of how it will look before staining the entire piece.
After having let the stain dry, it's time to apply the desired filler with either a quality paint brush or squeegee. Mineral spirits can be used to thin the filler if it gets too thick. A few short minutes of rubbing in the filler should do the trick. After this, the excess filler can be wiped off and the surface cleaned. Additional layers of filler can be added if necessary.
Finally, it's time to finish the surface to the desired brilliance. If the customer is wanting a super glossy finish, we will use at least 4 or more coats of varnish. It is important to let the surface dry in between coats, and let it dry for at least a few days after its last coat. The surface can then be wet sanded starting at a lower grit (800 or 1000) all the way up to a 2000 or 3000 grit (always sand with the grain!). For best results, gradually increase the grit so that the finer sandpaper removes the bigger scratches from the previous sandpaper (such as 800, 1500, 2000). For a piece that will be in a high traffic area like a table in a coffee shop or conference room, we recommend using a polyurethane varnish as it provides superb protection from scratches, dents, and general abuse.
After this, you're done! You can now enjoy a your freshly refinished wood surface.
Wood refinishing is one of our professional service offerings at Upholstery Repair Plano Texas. If you're interested in getting a free estimate, fill out our free estimate form on this page!